Republic of North Macedonia

Republik Nordmazedonien © OeAD/OeAD

Capital: Skopje
Area: 25,713 km²
Population: 2,065,769 (2013)
Official Languages: Macedonian, partially Albanian and Turkish

Web tips:

Ministry of Education and Science
Educational Development Office
National Center for Vocational Education and Training


Working in close cooperation with the North Macedonian Ministry of Education and with other educational organisations on site, the OeAD implements education projects in the area of vocational education and training. The projects are coordinated by the OeAD's regional office in Tirana.

Key focus:

  • Cooperation between schools and business in vocational education and training
  • Entrepreneurship Learning


Regional Project School Meets Business (SmB)
Albania, Kosovo, North Macedonia

Promoting the quality and labour market relevance of vocational education and training by increasing cooperation between vocational education and training and the business sector, especially in the area of "work-based learning", is considered a reform priority in Albania, Kosovo and North Macedonia. For this reason Albania, Kosovo and North Macedonia have chosen the "promotion of learning at the workplace in all its forms" as a priority when it comes to implementing the "Riga resolutions".

This is where the regional project "School Meets Business" comes in. The aim is to strengthen the competence of schools of vocational education and training in three partner countries for professional cooperation with the business sector, especially in the organisation of different formats of in-company learning. The focus is on introducing business liaison officers at schools as competent interfaces between schools and businesses. The project is implemented in close cooperation with the ministries responsible for vocational education and training, vocational training agencies, schools of vocational education and training and companies.

Expected results are:

  • The task profile for business liaison officers at schools of vocational education and training has been developed at national level with the support of regional exchange and introduced into the education system.
  • A detailed study per country on the different formats of "work-based learning" that are used is available.
  • 4 multipliers per country and up to 40 business liaison officers per country (up to 120 persons in total) have been trained and apply their knowledge in their daily work
  • Quality criteria for the cooperation between schools and businesses are applied and have been integrated into the school quality assurance system.

The following target groups are reached by means of approximately 70 events in the three countries:

Direct target groups: 12 multipliers from the three countries, 120 business liaison officers of schools of vocational education and training in the three countries
Indirect target groups: approx. 40,000 pupils at 120 vocational schools in Albania, Kosovo and North Macedonia, 120 headmasters and headmistresses, the teaching staff of the schools and cooperation partners in companies

Entrepreneurship Learning
The promotion of entrepreneurship as a motor of economic development, and also as a key competence that enables individuals to develop their personal potential to the best possible extent, is a development priority within the EU and beyond it. Education plays a central part in this context. However, in order to successfully promote entrepreneurship learning, new approaches to teaching and learning and new forms of cooperation with the business sector are required.

The OeAD has implemented the “Entrepreneurship Learning” project in Albania, Kosovo, and North Macedonia. Schools of vocational education and training in all three of these countries offer entrepreneurship as an academic subject for at least one school year. The aim of the project was to contribute to improving the quality of teaching in the area of entrepreneurship learning in vocational education and training.

Within the scope of the project 17 multipliers from the three countries have been trained to share new teaching and learning approaches to entrepreneurship learning, and training modules for entrepreneurship learning have been developed. These modules provide the basis for further training for some 250 teachers in more than 130 schools of vocational education and training in the three partner countries for the implementation of innovative learning approaches to promote entrepreneurship learning. At the same time a multilingual toolkit for entrepreneurship learning has been developed and is available to the schools of vocational education and training in each country.

The implementation of the new teaching/learning approaches was evaluated in a study in all three countries. On the basis of these evaluation results the team of trained multipliers from North Macedonia and the responsible representative of the Centre for Vocational Education and Training in Vienna exchanged points of view on innovative teaching/learning settings for Entrepreneurship Learning with Austrian experts. The results of this exchange were passed on to EL teachers in North Macedonia in reflection rounds.