Republic of Moldova
Area: 33,843.5 km2
Population: approx. 3.3 million
Official Languages: Romanian; recognised regional languages: Russian, Ukrainian and Gagauz
The OeAD project office in Chişinău has been in existence since November 2003. Together with the Moldovan Ministry of Education and local organisations the OeAD carries out projects in Moldova to improve the quality of vocational education and to strengthen inclusive education.
- Inclusive education
- Vocational education and training
I-VET – INCLUSIVE VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING
Inclusive education is firmly rooted in the strategies and national legislation of the Republic of Moldova. To support the implementation of the strategic directions in the field of inclusive education institutional support structures have been created in the last few years, most notably the Psycho-Pedagogical Service Points (SAPs), which operate in each district and support schools of general education in the implementation of inclusive education. While great progress has been made in implementing inclusive education in the compulsory education sector inclusion in the vocational education and training sector is still in its infancy.
In the I-VET project the Moldovan Ministry of Education is therefore supported in the introduction of inclusive vocational education and training and the development of the corresponding legal framework. Since the school year 2018/2019 nine pilot schools have tested promising approaches to inclusive vocational education and training and their feasibility. These schools now have the necessary competences to plan and implement an inclusive educational process.
A handbook on inclusive vocational education and training is currently developed in cooperation between Austrian and Moldovan experts and will be made available to all 89 vocational education and training institutions in the Republic of Moldova. Furthermore, the development of the legal framework has been supported in close cooperation with all relevant stakeholders. Not only have clear regulations been created for the transition from general education to vocational education and training but methodological and didactic principles have also been embedded in law and the possibility of individualising curricula and vocational education and training with partial qualification has been created.
In the current project phase the structure of the Psycho-Pedagogical Service Points (SAPs) is to be enabled to expand their counselling activities to successful school inclusion of young people with SEN at schools of vocational education and training. Training for the staff of the Psycho-Pedagogical Service Points (SAPs) is to expand their expertise in the areas of subject-specific practical training, partial qualification, examination modalities in the vocational school system as well as vocational orientation and counselling in order to be able to support the vocational education and training institutions in the Republic of Moldova in the best possible way in the implementation of inclusive education.
Direct target group:
- Officials of the Ministry of Education involved in designing the strategic and legal framework for inclusive vocational education and training, i.e. 5 persons.
- All 89 vocational schools and colleges, including teaching staff and headmasters/headmistresses teams
- 35 Psycho-Pedagogical Service Points (SAPs) in all regions of Moldova, i.e. 50 persons
- Management team and staff of the National Coordination Centre of the Psycho-Pedagogical Service Points (CRAP), i.e. 5 persons.
Indirect target group:
- 845 young people with SEN in all vocational training institutions in the Republic of Moldova.
FA-VET – FINANCIAL AUTONOMY OF SCHOOLS OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING
(Duration 3rd project phase: 2017 – 2020)
Vocational education and training to improve the labour market opportunities of young people is a priority for the development of the Republic of Moldova. Two areas of competence are particularly important for better linking vocational education and training to the labour market: teaching entrepreneurship and practical skills relevant to the labour market.
Income generation complements the technical and practical education mandate and also generates additional resources for a qualitative educational process. Economic and financial autonomy gives schools of vocational education and training the opportunity to use the income thus generated for the development of their institutions. The FA-VET project is the third, extended project phase of the VEN project (Generating Income at VET Schools and Colleges in the Republic of Moldova).
In the first phase models of school-based income generation involving pupils were successfully piloted at seven pilot schools in close cooperation with the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Agriculture. Based on the experiences gained during the pilot phase recommendations for necessary adjustments to the legal and administrative framework were developed.
In the second project phase the implementation of the developed recommendations was accompanied at ministerial level. On 1 October 2018 it was decided that the schools of vocational education and training in the Republic of Moldova would be largely financially self-governing. Finally, in the third project phase schools of vocational education and training were supported in establishing mechanisms for efficient and transparent financial self-governance and income generation and capacities were built for sustainable support of schools in this field in the vocational education and training system. The headmasters and headmistresses of all 89 vocational education and training institutions were prepared for the new processes and their management capacities in the field of school-based income generation were enhanced in workshops.
The accountancy teams were also trained in the application of the new financial processes and accompanied by a local expert for one year. In this way all 89 vocational education and training institutions in the Republic of Moldova were supported in the implementation of income generation and financial autonomy. At the same time training modules were developed and embedded at Moldovan centres of excellence in order to support the creation of appropriate training programmes on site.
The project was implemented in cooperation with the Liechtenstein Development Service (LED).
Direct target group:
- Moldovan Ministry of Education, especially the vocational training department and the finance department
- Moldovan Ministry of Agriculture, especially the department responsible for the colleges
- 7 centres of excellence of all subject areas wishing to offer training on FA and ECG (in cooperation with NGO CEDA)
- Headmasters/headmistresses teams and school administration teams of 89 vocational training institutions
Indirect target group:
- approx. 44,348 young people at schools of vocational education and training
The now published Handbook on economic activity at vocational training institutions is available here and on the Moldovan Ministry of Education's website and is made available to all 89 schools of vocational education and training.
MFC – MANAGEMENT FOR CHANGE
(Duration: 2020 – 2022)
The government resolution on the financial and economic autonomy of vocational education and training institutions of 1 October 2018 opens up new scope for school management. However, the freedoms thus created also present the school management with new challenges. Processes that were previously regulated by the state now require effective and targeted management in order to be able to fully exploit the school's potential and enable quality school development.
The project “MFC – Management for Change” therefore aims to develop a further education programme for school management in cooperation with three Moldovan further education institutions and experts from the University College of Teacher Education Lower Austria that addresses the current needs and challenges of the management teams at vocational education and training institutions and strengthens them in their work. Further education courses on leadership, change management and quality assurance are to be established at three Moldovan further education institutions in the North, Centre and South regions.
Direct target group:
- 3 Moldovan further education institutions in the North, Centre, and South regions: Teams of trainers (approx. 3 persons/institution).
- Up to 15 vocational education and training institutions in the North, Centre, and South regions participating in the developed trainings during the pilot phase (approx. 5 persons/institution).
Indirect target group:
- Management teams at all 89 vocational education and training institutions: 485 persons in the school year 2018/2019.
- Pupils at 89 vocational education and training institutions: 44,348 persons in the school year 2018/2019