Republic of Montenegro

Republik Montenegro © OeAD/OeAD

Capital: Podgorica
Area: 13,812 km²
Population: 622,344
Official languages: Montenegrinisch (geschrieben sowohl in lateinischer als auch in kyrillischer Schrift), recognised regional languages: Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian

Web tips:

Ministry of Education
VET Centre


In close cooperation with Montenegro’s Ministry of Education, the Agency for Vocational Education and Training, and Montenegro’s School Board the OeAD's regional office in Sarajevo implements projects in vocational education and training. The ongoing education reform process in Montenegro provides the framework for this. The promotion of cooperation between schools and businesses, school quality development and inclusive vocational education and training are among the priorities of the vocational education and training reform.

Key focuses:

  • Promotion of cooperation between schools and the business sector
  • Reform of tourism training
  • Inclusive vocational education and training


Effective quality development in schools and colleges of vocational education and training through successful change management – Strengthening the skills of headmasters and headmistresses

Quality development in vocational education and training is a development priority in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia. School quality development systems have been introduced in all three countries. The leadership competence of school headmasters and headmistresses to successfully initiate and manage the change processes necessary for quality development at schools has been identified as a key success factor for the effectiveness of school QA systems in all three countries.

The aim of this regional project is therefore to strengthen the leadership and change management skills of headmasters and headmistresses for effective school QA in all three countries through appropriate further education programmes.

In cooperation with the University College of Teacher Education Styria and experts from relevant institutions in the three partner countries an analysis format has been developed for the survey of existing training needs of headmasters and headmistresses. In country analyses the further education needs have been identified and existing further education offers in this area have been analysed. On this basis country-specific training concepts for headmasters and headmistresses have been developed in cooperation with the relevant ministries and Austrian and local experts and the systemic anchoring in the education systems has been initiated. The aim is to strengthen the leadership skills of all headmasters and headmistresses of schools of secondary education level II in Montenegro in the field of effective school QA. Moreover, new approaches and trends in school quality management are continuously presented and discussed at national and regional conferences by local and international experts.

Cooperation between schools and business in the tourism sector
Close cooperation between vocational schools and businesses is a prerequisite for high-quality vocational training that is geared towards the needs of the labour market. The goal of the regional "Cooperation between Schools and Business" project is to improve the quality of practical training for pupils by promoting cooperation between partners in the tourism industry and from tourism and hospitality management schools. The focus is on the organisation of high quality company internships. The project results include the development and anchoring of an expanded task profile for the practice-oriented vocational instruction coordinators as liaisons between schools and businesses, particularly in the organisation of company internships. To implement the new task profile guidelines are developed that also include measures to anchor the cooperation between schools and businesses in school quality development. A national web portal and other dissemination mechanisms have been developed to improve the flow of information between businesses and schools. The project’s regional focus will allow the exchange of experience in this field between Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, and Austria.

Representatives of all schools of vocational education and training with a focus on tourism and hospitality in Montenegro were familiarised with the new (tasks) profile of an occupational internship coordinator by means of dissemination seminars. After a first test phase of the implementation of the new tasks profile in the course of a school year the experiences of schools of vocational education and training with a focus on tourism and hospitality were gathered in reflection seminars. The guidelines were revised on the basis of this feedback.

Support for inclusive vocational education and training
The aim of this project is to support the implementation of inclusive vocational education and training in Montenegro. Within the framework of the project "SEN – Support of Inclusive Vocational Education and Training" a course on "Inclusive Vocational Education and Training" was developed and accredited. The main focus of the course is on in-service training of teachers on inclusion in the specific context of vocational education and training. In cooperation with the Agency for Vocational Education and Training and the Montenegrin Ministry of Education training courses for teachers at schools and colleges of vocational education and training are conducted on a regular basis.

Since September 2017 the focus has been on supplementing and revising the individual development and education plan. Special challenges of vocational education and training for pupils with special learning needs are to be overcome more effectively through the targeted development of transition plans that specify the transition from primary school to vocational education and training (Transition Plan I) and from vocational education and training to the world of work (Transition Plan II). Both transition plans were developed with the support of Austrian expertise and disseminated in numerous training courses (e.g. 2019: 20 seminars for 432 teachers).

Contact (austrijska izaslanica za obrazovanje)